Victoria Falls is the name that David Livingstone, the Scottish explorer, gave to this 108m high waterfall when he discovered it in 1855. The local name is Mosi-oa-Tunya which means 'the smoke that thunders' in the Lozi dialect. The origin of this name is the huge plume of spray which can climb 700m above the lip of the falls. This creates numerous daylight and moonlight rainbows. It is the widest waterfall in the world at 1709m in breadth.
The border of Zambia and Zimbabwe dissects the falls and so they can be viewed from both countries. This image was made from the eastern cataract on the Zambian side of the falls. The railway bridge in the background was opened in 1905 and was part of Cecil Rhodes' ambitious Cape-Cairo rail network plan through which he hoped to access new mineral reserves and introduce colonial rule to most of Southern Africa.